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Lesson Plan: Ethics in Business
In this lesson, students will learn about ethics, analyze actions for ethical dilemmas, and write a personal code of ethics for business and personal use.
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Entrepreneurship — Lesson 117
Understanding business ethics.
Working either alone or in pairs students create a comic strip that identifies choices that need to be considered when making an ethical decision.
What Students Learn
- What does it mean to be ethical?
- How a business can demonstrate ethical business practices
- The long-term affect that ethical behavior has on business
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Educator Toolkit: Exploring Ethics
Why This Matters Now
Many of us want to build lives of meaning and purpose — up to and including teenagers. In doing so, we need to learn what it means to have a moral foundation and values that guide the decisions that we make, whether they involve personal actions in our lives and careers, business leadership, or even money management . Some surveys suggest that younger generations embrace a “winning at any cost” mentality. Still others recognize that tomorrow’s leaders have a deep commitment to doing right and doing good when it comes to issues like climate change and school violence. Whatever the case, they need to have intentional discussions about what it means to develop an ethical mindset.
Students in the U.S. have recently been competing in the high school Ethics Bowl, a competition that challenges teams of high school students to work through complex ethical problems through a lens of civility and open-minded discussion. Among the cases discussed in 2019 were whether it is more morally objectionable to pay for fake followers on social media than to pay for celebrity product endorsements, whether humans have a moral responsibility to bring back species driven to extinction by human activities, and whether a government is justified in restricting firearm ownership. Luana Uluave, a high school teacher in Utah who coaches teams in the competition, said, “My experience in a long career of teaching high school is that 100% of high school students want to sit around and talk about moral issues and be heard.”
Article The World of the White Hat Hacker One strategy for approaching the topic of ethics is to introduce the concept of right and wrong – and what better way to do that than by taking a look at hackers, who are infamous for breaking into systems and stealing data , bitcoin , or whatever they can access. This article explores the emerging field of ethical hacking, where young, digital natives choose to use their computer skills for good, not evil. “We’re fortunate to live in a time where the easiest path to get started in hacking is the legal and ethical path,” says 18-year-old Jack Cable. Use the topic of black hat and white hat hackers to spark conversation about choosing an ethical path. Bonus: students learn about a growing career in cybersecurity.
Lesson Plan Global Business Ethics and Social Responsibility Ethical behavior and decision-making are important foundations for successful careers and strong corporate leadership. This lesson introduces students to the idea of business ethics and social responsibility from a global perspective. They watch the video “The Story of Stuff” and consider the ethical implications. The emphasis is on unveiling the hidden costs of production and consumption and how students, as individuals, are implicated in this system. This lesson is the first of a four-lesson unit that explores ethics and socially responsible behavior in the business world. It can be used as a launching point for studying social responsibility and ethics in a variety of ways. Refer to the “Additional Resources” section of this toolkit for links to the other three lesson plans.
Hands-on Learning As you drill down into ethical choices, one theme repeatedly emerges – money. Making money motivates a capitalist economy and can lead to questionable ethical behavior on the part of companies and the managers who lead them.
In this exercise, students will consider different ethics-inspired scenarios involving their own money. Use the examples in the KWHS article It’s Tempting, But Is It Ethical? to design your own “What Would You Do?” challenge. Divide your class into several different teams and give them each a finance-related dilemma inspired by the lessons in the article. Ask them to discuss the ethics of the situation, decide where they land as a team and then figure out a solution. If they need more guidance, they can consult Rotary International’s test for truly ethical behavior: (1) Is it the truth? (2) Is it fair to all concerned? (3) Will it build good and better relationships? (4) Will it be beneficial to all concerned? Encourage them to share their situations, debates, and ethical outcomes with the class.
Video Glossary Provide an extra layer of learning for your students with our video glossary. Here, Wharton professors define terms: Business Ethics
KWHS Quote of the Month “I think that in all circumstances it is up to the seller to determine a fair and ethical price for their product or service . This idea can apply to a student who cannot afford to go to the college of their dreams, as well as to an adult who simply cannot afford proper health care .” – Oliver Centner, student, Syosset High School, Syosset, N.Y.
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Building an Ethical Company
- Isaac H. Smith
- Maryam Kouchaki
Just as people can develop skills and abilities over time, they can learn to be more or less ethical. Yet many organizations limit ethics training to the onboarding process. If they do address it thereafter, it may be only by establishing codes of conduct or whistleblower hotlines. Such steps may curb specific infractions, but they don’t necessarily help employees develop as ethical people.
Drawing on evidence from hundreds of research studies, the authors offer a framework for helping workers build moral character. Managers can provide experiential training in ethical dilemmas. They can foster psychological safety when minor lapses occur, conduct pre- and postmortems for initiatives with ethical components, and create a culture of service by encouraging volunteer work and mentoring in ethics.
Create an organization that helps employees behave more honorably.
Idea in Brief
Just as people entering the workforce can develop job-related skills and abilities over time, they can learn to be more ethical as well.
Why It’s Often Missed
Many organizations relegate ethics training to the onboarding process, perhaps also issuing codes of conduct and establishing whistleblower hotlines. Such steps may curb specific unethical acts but don’t necessarily help workers grow as moral people.
How to Capitalize on It
Managers can provide experiential training in ethical dilemmas, foster psychological safety when (minor) lapses occur, conduct pre- and postmortems for initiatives with ethical components, and create a culture of service by encouraging volunteer work and mentoring in ethics.
People don’t enter the workforce with a fixed moral character. Just as employees can nurture (or neglect) their skills and abilities over time, they can learn to be more or less ethical. Yet rather than take a long-term view of employees’ moral development, many organizations treat ethics training as a onetime event, often limiting it to the onboarding process. If they do address ethics thereafter, it may be only by espousing codes of conduct or establishing whistleblower hotlines. Such steps may curb specific unethical actions, but they don’t necessarily help employees develop as moral people.
- Isaac H. Smith is an associate professor of organizational behavior and human resources at BYU Marriott School of Business. His research explores the morality and ethics of organizations and the people in them.
- Maryam Kouchaki is a professor of management and organizations at the Kellogg School of Management. Her research explores ethics, morality, and the complexity and challenges of managing ethnic and gender diversity for organizations.
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What Is Business Ethics?
Understanding business ethics, why is business ethics important, types of business ethics.
- Implementing Good Business Ethics
- Monitoring and Reporting
The Bottom Line
Business ethics: definition, principles, why they're important.
Yarilet Perez is an experienced multimedia journalist and fact-checker with a Master of Science in Journalism. She has worked in multiple cities covering breaking news, politics, education, and more. Her expertise is in personal finance and investing, and real estate.
Business ethics studies appropriate business policies and practices regarding potentially controversial subjects, including corporate governance, insider trading, bribery, discrimination, corporate social responsibility , fiduciary responsibilities, and much more. The law often guides business ethics, but at other times business ethics provide a basic guideline that businesses can follow to gain public approval.
- Business ethics refers to implementing appropriate business policies and practices with regard to arguably controversial subjects.
- Some issues that come up in a discussion of ethics include corporate governance, insider trading, bribery, discrimination, social responsibility, and fiduciary responsibilities.
- The law usually sets the tone for business ethics, providing a basic guideline that businesses can choose to follow to gain public approval.
Investopedia / Katie Kerpel
Business ethics ensure that a certain basic level of trust exists between consumers and various forms of market participants with businesses. For example, a portfolio manager must give the same consideration to the portfolios of family members and small individual investors as they do to wealthier clients. These kinds of practices ensure the public receives fair treatment.
The concept of business ethics began in the 1960s as corporations became more aware of a rising consumer-based society that showed concerns regarding the environment, social causes, and corporate responsibility. The increased focus on "social issues" was a hallmark of the decade.
Since that time, the concept of business ethics has evolved. Business ethics goes beyond just a moral code of right and wrong; it attempts to reconcile what companies must do legally vs. maintaining a competitive advantage over other businesses. Firms display business ethics in several ways.
Business ethics ensure a certain level of trust between consumers and corporations, guaranteeing the public fair and equal treatment.
Principles of Business Ethics
It's essential to understand the underlying principles that drive desired ethical behavior and how a lack of these moral principles contributes to the downfall of many otherwise intelligent, talented people and the businesses they represent.
There are generally 12 business ethics principles:
- Leadership : The conscious effort to adopt, integrate, and emulate the other 11 principles to guide decisions and behavior in all aspects of professional and personal life.
- Accountability : Holding yourself and others responsible for their actions. Commitment to following ethical practices and ensuring others follow ethics guidelines.
- Integrity : Incorporates other principles—honesty, trustworthiness, and reliability. Someone with integrity consistently does the right thing and strives to hold themselves to a higher standard.
- Respect for others : To foster ethical behavior and environments in the workplace, respecting others is a critical component. Everyone deserves dignity, privacy, equality, opportunity, compassion, and empathy.
- Honesty : Truth in all matters is key to fostering an ethical climate. Partial truths, omissions, and under or overstating don't help a business improve its performance. Bad news should be communicated and received in the same manner as good news so that solutions can be developed.
- Respect for laws : Ethical leadership should include enforcing all local, state, and federal laws. If there is a legal grey area, leaders should err on the side of legality rather than exploiting a gap.
- Responsibility : Promote ownership within an organization, allow employees to be responsible for their work, and be accountable for yours.
- Transparency : Stakeholders are people with an interest in a business, such as shareholders, employees, the community a firm operates in, and the family members of the employees. Without divulging trade secrets, companies should ensure information about their financials, price changes, hiring and firing practices, wages and salaries, and promotions are available to those interested in the business's success.
- Compassion : Employees, the community surrounding a business, business partners, and customers should all be treated with concern for their well-being.
- Fairness : Everyone should have the same opportunities and be treated the same. If a practice or behavior would make you feel uncomfortable or place personal or corporate benefit in front of equality, common courtesy, and respect, it is likely not fair.
- Loyalty : Leadership should demonstrate confidentially and commitment to their employees and the company. Inspiring loyalty in employees and management ensures that they are committed to best practices.
- Environmental concern : In a world where resources are limited, ecosystems have been damaged by past practices, and the climate is changing, it is of utmost importance to be aware of and concerned about the environmental impacts a business has. All employees should be encouraged to discover and report solutions for practices that can add to damages already done.
There are several reasons business ethics are essential for success in modern business. Most importantly, defined ethics programs establish a code of conduct that drives employee behavior—from executives to middle management to the newest and youngest employees. When all employees make ethical decisions, the company establishes a reputation for ethical behavior. Its reputation grows, and it begins to experience the benefits a moral establishment reaps:
- Brand recognition and growth
- Increased ability to negotiate
- Increased trust in products and services
- Customer retention and growth
- Attracts talent
- Attracts investors
When combined, all these factors affect a business' revenues. Those that fail set ethical standards and enforce them are doomed to eventually find themselves alongside Enron, Arthur Andersen, Wells Fargo, Lehman Brothers, Bernie Madoff, and many others.
There are several theories regarding business ethics, and many different types can be found, but what makes a business stand out are its corporate social responsibility practices, transparency and trustworthiness, fairness, and technological practices.
Corporate Social Responsibility
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is the concept of meeting the needs of stakeholders while accounting for the impact meeting those needs has on employees, the environment, society, and the community in which the business operates. Of course, finances and profits are important, but they should be secondary to the welfare of society, customers, and employees—because studies have concluded that corporate governance and ethical practices increase financial performance.
Businesses should hold themselves accountable and responsible for their environmental, philanthropic, ethical, and economic impacts.
Transparency and Trustworthiness
It's essential for companies to ensure they are reporting their financial performance in a way that is transparent. This not only applies to required financial reports but all reports in general. For example, many corporations publish annual reports to their shareholders.
Most of these reports outline not only the submitted reports to regulators, but how and why decisions were made, if goals were met, and factors that influenced performance. CEOs write summaries of the company's annual performance and give their outlooks.
Press releases are another way companies can be transparent. Events important to investors and customers should be published, regardless of whether it is good or bad news.
Technological Practices and Ethics
The growing use of technology of all forms in business operations inherently comes with a need for a business to ensure the technology and information it gathers is being used ethically. Additionally, it should ensure that the technology is secured to the utmost of its ability, especially as many businesses store customer information and collect data that those with nefarious intentions can use.
A workplace should be inclusive, diverse, and fair for all employees regardless of race, religion, beliefs, age, or identity. A fair work environment is where everyone can grow, be promoted, and become successful in their own way.
How to Implement Good Business Ethics
Fostering an environment of ethical behavior and decision-making takes time and effort—it always starts at the top. Most companies need to create a code of conduct/ethics, guiding principles, reporting procedures, and training programs to enforce ethical behavior.
Once conduct is defined and programs implemented, continuous communication with employees becomes vital. Leaders should constantly encourage employees to report concern behavior—additionally, there should be assurances that if whistle-blowers will not face adversarial actions.
A pipeline for anonymous reporting can help businesses identify questionable practices and reassure employees that they will not face any consequences for reporting an issue.
Monitoring and Reporting Unethical Behavior
When preventing unethical behavior and repairing its adverse side effects, companies often look to managers and employees to report any incidences they observe or experience. However, barriers within the company culture (such as fear of retaliation for reporting misconduct) can prevent this from happening.
Published by the Ethics & Compliance Initiative (ECI), the Global Business Ethics Survey of 2021 surveyed over 14,000 employees in 10 countries about different types of misconduct they observed in the workplace. 49% of the employees surveyed said they had observed misconduct and 22% said they had observed behavior they would categorize as abusive. 86% of employees said they reported the misconduct they observed. When questioned if they had experienced retaliation for reporting, 79% said they had been retaliated against.
Indeed, fear of retaliation is one of the primary reasons employees cite for not reporting unethical behavior in the workplace. ECI says companies should work toward improving their corporate culture by reinforcing the idea that reporting suspected misconduct is beneficial to the company. Additionally, they should acknowledge and reward the employee's courage in making the report.
Business ethics concerns ethical dilemmas or controversial issues faced by a company. Often, business ethics involve a system of practices and procedures that help build trust with the consumer. On one level, some business ethics are embedded in the law, such as minimum wages, insider trading restrictions, and environmental regulations. On another, business ethics can be influenced by management behavior, with wide-ranging effects across the company.
What Are Business Ethics and Example?
Business ethics guide executives, managers, and employees in their daily actions and decision-making. For example, consider a company that has decided to dump chemical waste that it cannot afford to dispose of properly on a vacant lot it has purchased in the local community. This action has legal, environmental, and social repercussions that can damage a company beyond repair.
What Are the 12 Ethical Principles?
Business ethics is an evolving topic. Generally, there are about 12 ethical principles: honesty, fairness, leadership, integrity, compassion, respect, responsibility, loyalty, law-abiding, transparency, and environmental concerns.
Business ethics concerns employees, customers, society, the environment, shareholders, and stakeholders. Therefore, every business should develop ethical models and practices that guide employees in their actions and ensure they prioritize the interests and welfare of those the company serves.
Doing so not only increases revenues and profits, it creates a positive work environment and builds trust with consumers and business partners.
New York University Stern Center for Sustainable Business. " ESG and Financial Performance: Uncovering the Relationship By Aggregating Evidence From 1,000 Plus Studies Published Between 2015 – 2020 ."
Ethics & Compliance Initiative (ECI). " The State of Ethics & Compliance in the Workplace ," Pages 16-22.
Ethics & Compliance Initiative (ECI). " 2021 Global Business Ethics Survey Report The State of Ethics & Compliance in the Workplace: A Look at Global Trends ."
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What Are Business Ethics & Why Are They Important?
- 27 Jul 2023
From artificial intelligence to facial recognition technology, organizations face an increasing number of ethical dilemmas. While innovation can aid business growth, it can also create opportunities for potential abuse.
“The long-term impacts of a new technology—both positive and negative—may not become apparent until years after it’s introduced,” says Harvard Business School Professor Nien-hê Hsieh in the online course Leadership, Ethics, and Corporate Accountability . “For example, the impact of social media on children and teenagers didn’t become evident until we watched it play out over time.”
If you’re a current or prospective leader concerned about navigating difficult situations, here's an overview of business ethics, why they're important, and how to ensure ethical behavior in your organization.
Access your free e-book today.
What Are Business Ethics?
Business ethics are principles that guide decision-making . As a leader, you’ll face many challenges in the workplace because of different interpretations of what's ethical. Situations often require navigating the “gray area,” where it’s unclear what’s right and wrong.
When making decisions, your experiences, opinions, and perspectives can influence what you believe to be ethical, making it vital to:
- Be transparent.
- Invite feedback.
- Consider impacts on employees, stakeholders, and society.
- Reflect on past experiences to learn what you could have done better.
“The way to think about ethics, in my view, is: What are the externalities that your business creates, both positive and negative?” says Harvard Business School Professor Vikram Gandhi in Leadership, Ethics, and Corporate Accountability . “And, therefore, how do you actually increase the positive element of externalities? And how do you decrease the negative?”
Related: Why Managers Should Involve Their Team in the Decision-Making Process
Ethical Responsibilities to Society
Promoting ethical conduct can benefit both your company and society long term.
“I'm a strong believer that a long-term focus is what creates long-term value,” Gandhi says in Leadership, Ethics, and Corporate Accountability . “So you should get shareholders in your company that have that same perspective.”
Prioritizing the triple bottom line is an effective way for your business to fulfill its environmental responsibilities and create long-term value. It focuses on three factors:
- Profit: The financial return your company generates for shareholders
- People: How your company affects customers, employees, and stakeholders
- Planet: Your company’s impact on the planet and environment
Check out the video below to learn more about the triple bottom line, and subscribe to our YouTube channel for more explainer content!
Ethical and corporate social responsibility (CSR) considerations can go a long way toward creating value, especially since an increasing number of customers, employees, and investors expect organizations to prioritize CSR. According to the Conscious Consumer Spending Index , 67 percent of customers prefer buying from socially responsible companies.
To prevent costly employee turnover and satisfy customers, strive to fulfill your ethical responsibilities to society.
Ethical Responsibilities to Customers
As a leader, you must ensure you don’t mislead your customers. Doing so can backfire, negatively impacting your organization’s credibility and profits.
Actions to avoid include:
- Greenwashing : Taking advantage of customers’ CSR preferences by claiming your business practices are sustainable when they aren't.
- False advertising : Making unverified or untrue claims in advertisements or promotional material.
- Making false promises : Lying to make a sale.
These unethical practices can result in multi-million dollar lawsuits, as well as highly dissatisfied customers.
Ethical Responsibilities to Employees
You also have ethical responsibilities to your employees—from the beginning to the end of their employment.
One area of business ethics that receives a lot of attention is employee termination. According to Leadership, Ethics, and Corporate Accountability , letting an employee go requires an individualized approach that ensures fairness.
Not only can wrongful termination cost your company upwards of $100,000 in legal expenses , it can also negatively impact other employees’ morale and how they perceive your leadership.
Ethical business practices have additional benefits, such as attracting and retaining talented employees willing to take a pay cut to work for a socially responsible company. Approximately 40 percent of millennials say they would switch jobs to work for a company that emphasizes sustainability.
Ultimately, it's critical to do your best to treat employees fairly.
“Fairness is not only an ethical response to power asymmetries in the work environment,” Hsieh says in the course. “Fairness—and having a successful organizational culture–can benefit the organization economically and legally.”
Why Are Business Ethics Important?
Failure to understand and apply business ethics can result in moral disengagement .
“Moral disengagement refers to ways in which we convince ourselves that what we’re doing is not wrong,” Hsieh says in Leadership, Ethics, and Corporate Accountability . “It can upset the balance of judgment—causing us to prioritize our personal commitments over shared beliefs, rules, and principles—or it can skew our logic to make unethical behaviors appear less harmful or not wrong.”
Moral disengagement can also lead to questionable decisions, such as insider trading .
“In the U.S., insider trading is defined in common, federal, and state laws regulating the opportunity for insiders to benefit from material, non-public information, or MNPI,” Hsieh explains.
This type of unethical behavior can carry severe legal consequences and negatively impact your company's bottom line.
“If you create a certain amount of harm to a society, your customers, or employees over a period of time, that’s going to have a negative impact on your economic value,” Gandhi says in the course.
This is reflected in over half of the top 10 largest bankruptcies between 1980 and 2013 that resulted from unethical behavior. As a business leader, strive to make ethical decisions and fulfill your responsibilities to stakeholders.
How to Implement Business Ethics
To become a more ethical leader, it's crucial to have a balanced, long-term focus.
“It's very important to balance the fact that, even if you're focused on the long term, you have to perform in the short term as well and have a very clear, articulated strategy around that,” Gandhi says in Leadership, Ethics, and Corporate Accountability .
Making ethical decisions requires reflective leadership.
“Reflecting on complex, gray-area decisions is a key part of what it means to be human, as well as an effective leader,” Hsieh says. “You have agency. You must choose how to act. And with that agency comes responsibility.”
Related: Why Are Ethics Important in Engineering?
Hsieh advises asking the following questions:
- Are you using the “greater good” to justify unethical behavior?
- Are you downplaying your actions to feel better?
“Asking these and similar questions at regular intervals can help you notice when you or others may be approaching the line between making a tough but ethical call and justifying problematic actions,” Hsieh says.
Become a More Ethical Leader
Learning from past successes and mistakes can enable you to improve your ethical decision-making.
“As a leader, when trying to determine what to do, it can be helpful to start by simply asking in any given situation, ‘What can we do?’ and ‘What would be wrong to do?’” Hsieh says.
Many times, the answers come from experience.
Gain insights from others’ ethical decisions, too. One way to do so is by taking an online course, such as Leadership, Ethics, and Corporate Accountability , which includes case studies that immerse you in real-world business situations, as well as a reflective leadership model to inform your decision-making.
Ready to become a better leader? Enroll in Leadership, Ethics, and Corporate Accountability —one of our online leadership and management courses —and download our free e-book on how to be a more effective leader.
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Ethics Lesson Plan: Determining What is Right and Solving Conflicts
In this ethics lesson plan, which is adaptable for grades 3-12, students will use BrainPOP resources to explore the basics of ethics and morality. They will reflect on how we determine what is right and wrong, and practice using two different strategies for making tough ethical decisions. Students will also practice conflict resolution skills and reaching compromises with others who hold different ethical beliefs.
Lesson Plan Common Core State Standards Alignments
- Define ethics and explain how we decide what is right and wrong.
- Explore two different strategies for solving tough ethical dilemmas and evaluate each based on their effectiveness.
- Internet access for BrainPOP
- Class set of photocopies of the Graphic Organizer
- Display one of the ethics quotes from the Related Reading Quotables page or a quote of your own choosing. Alternatively, have students explore as essential question such as "How do we determine what is right and wrong?" As a warm-up activity, have students reflect in writing or orally on what the quote or essential question means to them.
- Talk with students about their responses. What are ethics? (The movie defines ethics as a set of guidelines for behaving morally.) Who determines the set of guidelines? Where do the guidelines originate? How do the guidelines change over time?
- Play the Ethics movie for the class. Allow students to talk about how their understanding of ethics evolved after viewing the movie.
- Ask a student volunteer to explain Tim's process for working through ethical dilemmas (making a pros-and-cons-style list.) Have students ever tried this method? How did it work?
- Project the Worksheet on your interactive whiteboard for students to see. Explain that they will choose one of the ethical dilemmas on the Related Reading In Depth page and pair up with a friend to choose sides in the dilemma. Each person will use a sheet of paper to write down arguments to support their side.
- Provide time for students to share their arguments with their partner. Remind students of Tim's suggestion to ask themselves, "What solution is fairest to all the people involved?" Encourage students to reach a compromise together and record it at the bottom of their papers.
- Ask for volunteers to share the compromise that they agreed to, and talk with students about how the decisions were made.
- Pose the following questions to students: How do you determine what is right and wrong? What is the foundation of your "moral compass"? Pass out photocopies of the Graphic Organizer and have students complete it based on an ethical dilemma from the BrainPOP movie, Related Reading page, or their own lives. This could be completed as a homework assignment if you want to give students additional time to reflect...
- Ask students to think about which decision-making tool was more helpful for them personally, the activity (pros/cons style list) or the graphic organizer. What strategies will students use to make tough ethical decisions in the future?
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Lesson Plan: Ethics in Business
In this lesson, students will learn about ethics, analyze actions for ethical dilemmas, and write a personal code of ethics for business and personal use.
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Ethics in Business " Fighting Fraud and Corruption " STREAMS: 3M / TM /GE /SC Exp UNIT PLAN
LESSON PLAN FOR ENGLISH TEACHERS
Level: Upper-intermediate (B2-C1)
Type of English: Business English
Tags: business people controversial issues ethics and conduct companies and jobs business ethics banking and finance Article based
Publication date: 01/24/2022
This worksheet focuses on an interview of a business professor talking about business ethics. There is also an article looking at how globalisation creates problems for acting ethically as a business and discusses what steps can be taken. Exercises focus on listening and reading skills, related vocabulary as well as giving students the opportunity to discuss some of the issues presented in the lesson.
by Joe Wilson
Dear Joe, Again a fantastic lesson! Thank you very much!
Wonderful lesson. Reading Comprehension 6 is missing in the Student Worksheet download. Best!
Thank you !
Wonderful lesson. Thank you!
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This worksheet focuses on an interview of a business professor talking about business ethics. There is also an article looking at how globalization creates problems for acting ethically as a business and discusses what steps can be taken. Exercises focus on listening and reading skills and related vocabulary, as well as giving students the opportunity to discuss some of the issues presented in the lesson.
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A detailed lesson plan is a thorough description of a teacher’s instructions for a particular class. A teacher usually makes a daily lesson plan to teach a specific course of instructions.
Lesson planning is important for teachers because it ensures that the activities help students meet their educational goals, allows for efficient use of classroom time and keeps the lessons on track regardless of distractions.
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In this lesson I will teach the following aspects of language: Function: - Expressing wish/desire. -Asking for and giving advice and warning. Grammar: -
Lesson Plan. School : Mekkeoui L'aid Secondary School Source: “New
1) Unit One:Ancient Civilization ( Exploring the past) 2) Unit Two:Ethics in Business ( Ill-Gotten gains never prosper) 3) Unit Three:Education in the world
3AS | U2 | Unit Plan, Page. 3AS | U2 | S1 | Listen and consider ... 53-55). Lesson Plan. Imitating property is theft (pp.53-55). By REFFAS
UNIT ONE: Ethics in Business “Fighting Fraud and Corruption” STREAMS: 3M / TM /GE /SC Exp LESSON PLAN SEQUENCE TWO: READ AND CONSIDER Warm up Aim : To
This worksheet focuses on an interview of a business professor talking about business ethics. There is also an article looking at how
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Battle for U.S. House Control in 2024 Is Fought in a New York Courtroom
The state’s highest court, which struck down Democrats’ gerrymandered map in 2022, is considering whether to let them try to redraw district lines again.
By Nicholas Fandos
The fight over one of the most consequential congressional battlegrounds in the nation took center stage on Wednesday — not in the hotly contested suburbs or a campaign convention hall, but in a staid courtroom in Buffalo.
That is where Democrats labored to persuade the Court of Appeals, New York’s highest court, to give their party a chance to redraw the state’s congressional map before the 2024 election.
Their arguments, and a Republican rebuttal, ostensibly turned on conflicting readings of the State Constitution. But the decision by the seven-judge panel in the coming weeks will have far-reaching political implications.
New York now has one of the most competitive congressional maps in the country, thanks to the court’s intervention last year. If Democrats prevail in the case, they are expected to try to reassert their dominance by drawing more favorable lines that could help flip as many as six Republican seats from Long Island to Syracuse.
Republicans currently hold a narrow, five-seat majority in the House. With the number of truly competitive districts dwindling across the country amid a rash of bipartisan gerrymandering, the fate of New York’s map could determine which party enters 2024 with the upper hand.
“A little-known court in New York is in all likelihood about to determine control of Congress,” said Evan Roth Smith, a Democratic political strategist, voicing the bipartisan anxiety the case has caused in New York and Washington.
So far, court decisions about redistricting handed down since the 2022 midterm elections have mostly offset one another nationally. The North Carolina Supreme Court cleared the way for Republicans to adopt an aggressive gerrymander last month that could flip three to four seats their way. Democrats could, in turn, net two to three seats across the Deep South, where federal courts have ordered Republican-led states to redraw maps to empower Black voters.
The partisan legal battle over New York’s map has been raging almost continually for two years.
It started in early 2022 when a bipartisan commission created by voters who adopted a constitutional amendment to take politics out of the mapmaking process deadlocked and failed to finish its work . The Democrats who control the State Legislature then tried to step in with a plan of their own. But after Republicans sued, the Court of Appeals struck down the Democrats’ plan as an unconstitutional gerrymander.
The court ultimately enlisted a neutral expert to draw up the replacement. It helped Republicans flip four districts last November to claim 11 of the state’s 26 House seats.
In the case before the Court of Appeals on Wednesday, Democrats argued that the 2022 map was only a temporary fix imposed on a tight deadline. Their lawyers asked the judges to order the commission to finish its work and present a plan to the Legislature, which would have the final say over district lines.
“The promise of the redistricting amendments has been deferred, but it need not be denied,” said Aria Branch, a lawyer working for the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee.
Lower courts split on the request. A State Supreme Court judge initially sided with Republicans who oppose it. But the decision was reversed in July by a five-judge appellate panel that endorsed Democrats’ arguments.
Democratic operatives have been blunt about their ambitions.
“In states where Democrats are able to influence the process, they should try and draw seats that help Democrats win,” Mr. Roth Smith said, adding that the party could not afford to “unilaterally disarm” when Republicans were pressing their advantages elsewhere.
Republicans and government watchdog groups are firmly opposed to a do-over. They have characterized the Democrats’ suit as “an attack” on the court’s 2022 redistricting decision, and argued on Wednesday that Democrats were just angling for another chance to gerrymander the lines.
“There is nothing to show that the Legislature has learned its lesson and that it’s not going to engage in a festival of gerrymandering if this court lets it rip,” said Misha Tseytlin, a lawyer for the Republicans.
The composition of a particular district does not guarantee which party will win, especially in a state where some voters’ allegiances appear to have shifted since the 2020 presidential election. But it can meaningfully tilt the playing field.
Republicans are already defending six seats on the existing New York map that President Biden won in 2020, including two by double-digit margins. It would only take small tweaks to make certain seats exceedingly difficult to hold in a high-turnout election year.
“Their motto: If you can’t win on a fair set of maps, just redraw it by any means necessary,” said Representative Mike Lawler, whose suburban New York City seat is already a top Democratic target. “It’s pathetic, and they should be embarrassed,” he added.
The case is the first major test for the Court of Appeals since its bench was transformed earlier this year.
Janet DiFiore, the former chief judge, announced her retirement in 2022, not long after she wrote the majority decision striking down Democrats’ redistricting plan. Her successor, Judge Rowan D. Wilson , dissented from the 2022 ruling as an associate judge, and Republicans believe his stance may help explain why Gov. Kathy Hochul and Senate Democrats chose to elevate him.
In questioning on Wednesday, Judge Wilson and another liberal judge, Jenny Rivera, signaled that they might be open to ordering the drawing of new maps.
Three more conservative members of the bench who joined Judge DiFiore in last year’s majority decision — Michael J. Garcia, Madeline Singas and Anthony Cannataro — all voiced persistent skepticism.
Judge Singas said that the court had already fixed the problems created by the 2022 redistricting process by adopting a neutrally drawn map. “You are just sort of skimming over that,” she told Ms. Branch. “I don’t see a basis to overturn that remedy.”
Analysts had expected a liberal addition to the court, Judge Caitlin J. Halligan, to be the swing vote in the redistricting case. But she unexpectedly recused herself from the case this fall with little explanation; Dianne T. Renwick, who leads a midlevel appeals court in New York City, sat in her place. Judge Renwick and Judge Shirley Troutman offered few hints about which side they would join on Wednesday.
Nicholas Fandos is a reporter on the Metro desk covering New York State politics, with a focus on money, lobbying and political influence. He was previously a congressional correspondent in Washington. More about Nicholas Fandos
Politics in the New York Region
George Santos: The House Ethics Committee found “substantial evidence” that the embattled first-term Republican congressman violated federal law, leading Santos to announce that he would not run for re-election .
A Far-Reaching Decision: The fight over one of the most consequential congressional battlegrounds in the nation has taken center stage in a staid courtroom in Buffalo , as New York Democrats try to redraw the state’s district lines once again ahead of the 2024 election.
City Council Races: Democrats held onto a seat in Brooklyn that had shown signs of drifting away, while a Republican won a race in the Bronx for the first time in 40 years . Elsewhere in the city, Yusef Salaam, an exonerated “Central Park Five” defendant, was elected to represent Harlem .
Flipping a Key Seat: Republicans won the county executive’s office in Suffolk County for the first time in two decades , reclaiming what had been one of the last Democratic strongholds in the Long Island suburbs.
A Brewing Primary Fight: Representative Jamaal Bowman’s calls for Israel to stand down on Gaza may fuel a perilous Democratic primary challenge for one of the left’s brightest stars.
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