In Ethiopia, the Second Agricultural Growth Project is Improving Nutrition Outcomes


Photos: Agriculture Growth Project Office


ADDIS ABABA, November 5, 2020 – Yezina Yedemie, 34, her husband Dagne Asmare, 40, and six of their children are residents of Jibgedel kebele. They are among the millions of smallholder farmers benefiting from the World Bank-funded Agricultural Growth Project (AGP).

AGP has introduced nutrition-sensitive agriculture (NSA) initiatives and is encouraging farmers to practice homestead gardening, diversification of crops and livestock for household consumption, as well as agriculture marketing and value chains, increasing smallholder farmers’ access to input and output markets. Prior to the launch of NSA in 2017, communities in West Gojam Zone, where Yezina and her family lives, did not practice vegetable gardening or consume much vegetables. They mostly focused on cereal and pulse production. Accordingly, their diets were not balanced and lacked key nutritious elements including animal protein, resulting in malnutrition and stunting of children.

Today, Yezina leads her family in planting, and tending to her vegetables and fruit garden. After getting seeds, seedlings and cuttings from her local farmers’ training center (FTC), Yezina has planted swiss chards, carrots, cabbage, beetroots, sweet potatoes, pumpkin, banana, mango and avocados in her garden. The AGP also provided Yezina with six, disease-resistant breeds of chicken, training on poultry keeping, cage construction and handling.  

“We now have choices of vegetables to cook and supplement our cereal ( Injera ) and legumes ( wot ),” Yezina said. “I also feed my younger children eggs along with mashed potatoes following the advice of the health extension workers.”

Yezina’s training and practical demonstrations have helped her grow a flourishing garden that she can harvest all year-round. “AGP has helped me with small-scale irrigation and I have water year-round,” she said “I am now able to sell off the surplus I produce in Bure town and buy what I need for my family. We are witnessing enormous changes in our lives in these two years.”  

Haimanot Belew, one of the development agents and irrigation experts in the Jibgedel neighborhood, said he works in collaboration with agriculture colleagues and kebele health counterparts to implement AGP with both men and women, and keeping  gender, NSA and climate smart agriculture (CSA) in mind. The team received a series of trainings in respective topics and have been provided with job aids and manuals by respective sectors.

“Thanks to AGP the farmers and the community are now ripping the benefits of irrigation, inter-cropping, climate resilient crops or forages like Rhodes Grass, post-harvest handling and storages, allowing them to manage climate variability as well,” he said.

For Aschale Asrat, another farmer of the kebele, years of monocropping and food and forage scarcity years are now a distant memory. He says he has rediscovered his palate for diversifications of crops and diets.

"Owing to AGP-developed irrigation, I harvest three times a year and my yields are getting better with every harvest and I am able to provide more for my family. Life is far better today than yesteryear," he said with pride. 

Aschale and his wife have joined groups of suppliers of grains and horticultural products to sell at Bure markets.

Jibgedel kebele in Bure district, West Gojam Zone of Amhara National Regional State, is one of the 4,107 kebeles benefiting from the Second Agricultural Growth Project (AGP2) . The project is financed by multiple donors including the World Bank, the European Union, Global Affairs Canada, the Italian Development Cooperation, the Royal Netherlands Embassy, the Spanish Development Cooperation, the United States Agency for International Development and Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations.  

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Agriculture and food security.

Agriculture remains a critical part of Ethiopia’s economy, accounting for 40 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP), 80 percent of exports, and an estimated 75 percent of the country's workforce. Despite significant increases in agricultural output between 1993 and 2018, Ethiopia’s agriculture and food system is not well equipped to support access to healthy diets for its rapidly growing and urbanizing population or to stimulate broad-based economic transformation. Agricultural productivity remains low due to limited private investment, fragmented markets, environmental degradation, and recurrent shocks. These challenges are exacerbated by conflict and the worst drought in recorded history. 

Through Feed the Future, we foster private enterprise development in the food and agriculture system in order to increase employment, income, and access to healthy diets. USAID increases access for small and medium-sized agri-food enterprises and smallholder farmers to business development services including finance, improved technologies, mechanization, marketing, and the digital economy. USAID enhances key agriculture value chains to increase incomes and food access among the vulnerable, modeling how private sector investment can increase smallholder productivity, marketing, and innovation. USAID partners with the private sector to overcome barriers to last-mile food supply and agricultural services. 

To build resilience, USAID strengthens local capacity to administer land sustainably and employ modern mapping technologies in harmony with longstanding customary land systems. USAID also addresses the root causes of vulnerability through multi-sectoral, integrated interventions in the highlands and lowlands of Ethiopia. 

To protect food security gains, USAID strengthens disaster risk reduction and response efforts by improving early action, analytic capacity, local planning and preparedness, and local resource mobilization and coordination. Finally, USAID complements agriculture investments with nutrition promotion, improved health services,  and increased access to sustainable water and sanitation services. 

Feed the Future Ethiopia Transforming Agriculture works to make Ethiopia’s food and agriculture systems more competitive, inclusive, sustainable, and resilient to increase access to healthy diets, particularly for women and children. To do so, it will increase the availability, affordability (primarily by increasing incomes), convenience, and desirability of safe, diverse, nutritious foods, across the Feed the Future geographic zone of influence. 

The Feed the Future Ethiopia Land Governance Activity works to improve governance and policy to enhance land tenure rights for farmers and pastoralists, empowering them to contribute more fully to their families’ and their communities’ economic growth prospects.

Feed the Future Policy LINK: Ethiopia Champions for Food Security works with institutions, civil society organizations, and the private sector to enhance leadership and management capacities, strengthen communication, coordination, and cooperation among institutions, and increase the power of local actors and communities. The efforts promote evidence-based analysis, participatory learning, and knowledge-sharing practices for effective and accelerated food and agriculture policy design and implementation.

Feed the Future Ethiopia Resilience in Pastoral Areas improves local-level disaster risk management (DRM), livestock and crop productivity, income generation, and nutrition and hygiene practices for pastoralist and agro-pastoralist populations.

Image of Ethiopian women coffee growers

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Business Plan for Investors

Agriculture Farm Business Plan Example

JUL.25, 2013

agriculture farm business plan

Agriculture business plan for starting your own business

Farming and agriculture business is not as easy as it seems. An even difficult step is to plan how to write a business plan for agriculture. Whether it is a Christmas tree farm business plan or an organic fertilizer business plan , you need to put real effort into planning each and every aspect of your agriculture business plan . To become successful, you should know the ways to operate your enterprise efficiently. You should know your revenue and cash position. You also need to forecast your crop rotations.

We have here provided a detailed business plan so that you can avoid any inconvenience in making a plan for yourself. No matter if you want to make a fish farm business plan or fountain pepper farm business plan , hydroponics farm business plan , or even an aquaponics farm business plan , this sample business plan agriculture template will help you.

A well-formed business plan of agriculture will help your agriculture business plan grow and generate the revenue that you dream of. It will help in managing your business in hard times and will also improve the chances of getting loans from the government for your business. So, if are thinking of creating a business for a bank loan , check out this template.

Executive Summary

2.1 the business.

The Old Maple Way will be a registered farm in New York, US. The business will aim to provide fresh fruits and vegetables to its customers. Along with it, we provide high-quality dairy products. Instead of competing with other farms in town, we will mainly focus on the quality and pricing of our products.

In any business plan agriculture project, the aims and goals should be clear. Instead of looking for an online business plan expert , you can write your business plan exact like agriculture business plan examples available online.

2.2 Management of Agriculture

The Old Maple Way Farm will be managed by James Celery. He will look into all the operations going on the farm. For his assistance, three managers will work with him. These managers will be trained for a month before starting their jobs. As per this agriculture business plan pdf, James will hire some highly experienced farmers who will look after the growth and management of fruits and vegetables. James will ensure the quality of production himself.

2.3 Customers of Agriculture

Customers are the backbone of every business. If you know the right audience for your agriculture business , you will be able to achieve your target. You will get the idea of how to run your agriculture business plan if you understand your customers. The main customers for the agriculture business will be the following:

2.4 Business Target

The main goal of Old Maple Way Farm is to produce high-quality products for the people. We do not compromise on the hygiene and our team takes care of it.  The most important thing matter to us is our customers’ satisfaction.

Here are our targets:

Agriculture Bussines Plan - 3 Years Profit Forecast

Company Summary

3.1 company owner.

The owner of the Old Maple Way will be James Celery. James had a dream of starting his own agriculture business plan since he was a teenager. He wanted to produce high-quality products that do not contain harmful chemicals.

3.2 Why the farm is being started?

When James was asked why he is interested in starting a farm, he said he wanted to produce chemical-free and organic products for the people. He says that nowadays, it is difficult to find something that is purely organic and chemical-free.

Companies and farms are using harmful chemicals to increase their production. Due to it, they have ignored the quality and only focus on the quantity of production. To produce pure products, he planned to start a farm of his own. He further added that he wants to produce products that are affordable and easy to buy.

3.3 How the Farm will be started?

In a business plan for agriculture, you should mention the steps to start a farm. When you know how to make a business plan for agriculture, your agriculture business  will be successful. The agriculture export business plan includes all the necessary steps needed to start an agriculture business. To start a farm, you need the right techniques and ideas. Before starting a farm, you need to consider these essential steps:

Know your Niche

The first and most important step before starting the agriculture business  is to identify your niche. Without deciding the niche, you cannot start a healthy business.

Research Market

Once you have decided on your niche, you need to do market research. For instance, you have planned to grow a specific fruit, so to make the business successful, you should know who will buy your product. Making research on the market will let you know about your competitors and how will you sell your product.

If you are interested in particular fruit, vegetable or product, first learn more about the local market.

Find the Right Land

Once you have decided what product you are going to plant, you need to take the next step, i.e, deciding the land.

If you are starting at a low budget, you can take land on lease. But if you have sufficient investment to start, you can buy your land. If you start the farm on your land, you will have complete control of your farm. But at the same time, there will be more risk factors of financial loss.

In the sample of an agricultural business plan, you will find more detailed steps on how to start an agriculture business  depending upon the type of farm you want to start.

Agriculture Bussines Plan - Startup Cost

In agriculture service business plan, you should mention all the services and products that your farm will produce. In the business plan agriculture pdf and business plan for agriculture available online. You will find the services that farms offer. Our products include the following:

We will produce fruits that are chemical-free and pure. We believe in producing organic products. Unlike other farms, we do not use any chemical that increases the quantity.

We will produce 100% organic vegetables. Our main focus is on quality and our customer satisfaction.

Cereals & Grains

We will also produce export-quality cereals and grains.

Dairy Products

We will also be offering two dairy products (milk and butter) to further supplement our sales.

20 Highly Profitable Agricultural Farm Business Ideas

If you are an entrepreneur willing to start an agriculture farm business, the following 20 agriculture farm business ideas can come in handy for your business venture.

Growing Mushrooms

Mushroom is a very popular Unlike various other crops, mushrooms can grow in less than a month. It is ready to be harvested in just about 21 days. This is the reason mushrooms have a high profit margin. Often new entrepreneurs are restless to harvest and sell their crops. So, if you too are one such impatient entrepreneur then mushrooms won’t make your wait too long to be ready. You can sell them in 3 weeks time from d date of cultivation.

Potato Farming

This is a very common vegetable. Yet, you should consider this as potato cultivation is greatly rewarding in many ways. Potato is consumed in meals almost daily by people both at home as well as in canteens. It is yummy, simple and very nutritious. The demand for potato is so high that even if there are other near-by farming areas growing potatoes, you still can produce it and benefit largely.

Spice Production

With the widespread knowledge about the health benefits hidden in various spices, household cooking as well as commercial restaurants have started using spices in their food in daily basis around the world. Furthermore, the boost in flavor and the pleasant aroma that come from adding spices to cuisines has made spices a favorite ingredient in the kitchen. The high demand and being a very costly product, spices are a great option for agriculture farm business plan. Spice cultivation can churn a lot of money making farming a flourishing business opportunity.

Cashew nut agriculture production

Cashew nuts a type of dry fruit that is widely popular across the globe. It is consumed mostly as a savory snack with salt and other spices. You can sell them raw, as well as in processed form. Cashew nut processing entails 4 simple stages. It starts with cleaning the nuts, they roasting them, followed by drying and finally removing the peel.

Poultry farming

Chicken is the particular poultry bird raised to the highest number. Gone are the days when households had a few chickens in their backyard to serve their need for eggs and meet. Currently, poultry farming is a huge money-making business that has made its mark internationally. Poultry farming being a lucrative venture has led to the birds being injected with harmful chemicals and are reared in large number without proper hygiene. This has resulted in the rise in demand for good quality poultry farms. This can be your opportunity to grab. Strategize to start an excellently well-maintained poultry farm business to give the masses the best quality eggs and meat.

Bee-Keeping and Honey-Making Business:

Producing honey by keeping bees in the garden was a personal choice earlier. People passionate about making honey who had a little space in their backyard kept bees. But now, it has turned out to become a huge farming industry that a large number of entrepreneurs take interest in pursuing as an agriculture endeavor. With the heightened honey consumption worldwide, the sales margin has also increased drastically. This has drawn more entrepreneurs in bee farming. The reason for such rise in the demand for honey is because people are switching to honey intake instead of sugar. Honey has been proved very healthy, helps in losing weight and is also used in beauty products. If you desire to start agriculture farm business plan, then this is one of the best choices. Bee-keeping does not require a large farming land nor do you need to invest huge capital. All you require is- some knowledge and training on the basics of keeping bees for agriculture business. There are training schools and experts who teach how to start a honey producing business and also how bees should be monitored. Furnished with such skillful training you can conveniently start farming and run a bee-keeping and honey making business. If you produce honey in your farming area, you can have several prospective clients to sell, such as –

Herb and Flower Plantation

The best part about herbs and flower plantation is that they can be grown in small quantities. You do not need any skills or expertise to grow them. They can be grown indoors as well as outdoors. Moreover, both hers and flower plants have multiple usages. You can even do a profitable business with dry herbs and flowers. Both are easy to grow, high in demand and lucrative ventures. Furthermore, you can grow both herbs and flowers in the same farming land.  Yes, you will need some appropriate apparatus for good quality plantation results. Adequate water supply, proper sunshine, manure and right method must be followed too. Herbs have a wide range of usages-

Flowers too have multiple usages-

Aloe Vera Plantation

Aloe Vera is basically a tropical plant but the good thing about this plant is that, it can be cultivated in dry farming lands as well. Aloe Vera is a profitable agriculture business idea because its medicinal value makes it a highly saleable agriculture product. It can be consumed as well as applied externally. It has lots of vitamins and minerals that are good for heart, immune system, digestion, skin ailments and many more.

Aloe Vera crop is most suitable if your farming land is in a dry area where the climate is mostly warm and humid. This plant doesn’t require much rainfall and doesn’t grow is cold regions. Light sandy type of soil is absolutely befitting for the plantation of aloe Vera agriculture crops.

Aloe Vera plants are best suited for selling globally to the-

Bamboo Plantation

Bamboos mostly grow in the hilly areas. This is why we most often see bamboo farming in the mountains. The immense uses of bamboos plants have made it a successful agriculture business plan choice for several entrepreneurs. There is no way you can fail with bamboo farming plan as there are always buyers inclined to purchase the raw product and process it to use in various form.

Some of the uses of bamboo plants may be listed as follows-

The huge number of uses makes bamboo plantation a very rewarding business.

Coffee & Tea Plantation

Tea and coffee are two drinks that are very popular globally. So, with coffee and tea plantation you can extend your agriculture business plan and earn huge benefits through export. Coffee and tea plantation requires a suitable soil and good amount of rainfall. The rains and dry season must be well defined so that there can be a growing season and a maturing season. You can plan to directly sell the tea leafs and coffee beans or choose to sell the processed product. With the basic plantation and harvesting techniques learnt, and equipped with the processing tools, machinery and staff, you can make flourishing business out of tea and coffee farming. Get in touch with the tea manufacturing industries, restaurants and cafeterias where there is a constant demand for tea leaves and coffee beans.

Cocoa Farming

Take your love for chocolates a step further! Plan on beginning a cocoa agriculture business. It can prove to be a flourishing enterprise. Chocolate is a favorite not only among kids but among all age groups. Relished across the globe, cocoa farming can be hugely profitable agriculture prospect. You can earn huge capital income by exporting the produced cocoa from your farming area. Cocoa is grown mostly in humid tropical region. Its beans are extracted for cocoa solids and cocoa butter. So, in order to begin farming cocoa trees in your land, you first must ensure you have an agriculture land in a humid area, or plan to buy some area. Once you have the suitable soil you can begin with your cocoa plantation business.

So, you have a farming soil and climate suitable for growing cocoa; prepare yourself to turn your passion into a agriculture business venture. Cocoa crops can land for hundreds of years. So follow the proper methods of farming and you can be very rich soon.

Lettuce Plantation

Lettuce has become a very popular farming vegetable for its fresh flavor. Restaurants add it to their salads, burgers, sides, etc. as consumers enjoy the crunchy fresh texture of this leafy vegetable.Additionally, the health benefits in lettuce have also made it a favorite among those fit and active person who are always on the look-out to incorporate healthy greens to their daily meal. Lettuce can be grown in several types of farming soils. Mostly, it is suitable to grow in soils rich in organic matter. The best soils for lettuce are those that can contain good quality of water and also have well made drainage system. As far as the temperature goes, lettuce grows well in fairly cool weather, about 15 degree Celsius. If your agriculture farm business plan space is in a slightly warmer land, you can grow lettuce crops by building a shade. You can go for a soil test before beginning to work on the farming area.

Lettuce crops cannot be stored for a longer period. So, keep connected with nearest markets and eateries. After harvesting the lettuce, you must sell them fresh. Lettuce farming is a rewarding business idea for start-ups.

Fruit Plantation

Various types of fruits are consumed around the globe. You may opt to begin farming any type of fruit that suits the land and climate of your particular region. When the soil is befitting only then you will get a productive yield out of which you can gain revenue.

Peaches, exotic fruits, papaya, berries, mangoes, apples, jackfruit, oranges etc., are some fruit types. You can grow any of these fruits or any other for your agriculture business endeavor depending on your soil suitability.  Most fruits are used for making juices, added to cuisines, incorporated in meals as fruit salads, and beauty treatments. Since fruits can be consumed raw you may plan to market and export them immediately after you harvest the produce. You may build processing equipments to make fruit juices and pack them to sell them anywhere in the world.

Fruits contain various healthy & healing ingredients. Hence, maximum nutritionists & doctors suggest children, adults and the elderly; to consume fruits regularly. The fruit agriculture business is an opportunity you must definitely try out.

Palm Tree Cultivation

This is the crop that gives the most quantity of oil. Due to it high yielding capacity palm tree farming is considered a money-spinning business idea. If you intend to earn on a monthly basis through agriculture business then palm tree cultivation is the best choice for your start-up venture.

Deep, moist and well-drained soils are best suited for farming palm trees. This particular crop requires a humid tropical climate. Throughout the year an even amount of rainfall is essential. When every aspect is satisfactory for palm tree farming then you should start off with it at the earliest.

Palm tree plantation and selling of the palm oils, can aid you to cut down the sale of other oils , in turn enhancing the sale of your business. Those oils that are imported are costly for the local market, thus your palm oil will sell more. It is a win-win situation for both you as well as your buyers. Thus, your business will flourish.

Cotton & Wool Production

Textile firms need wool and cotton at all times. They need it constantly for manufacturing various types of cloths. Therefore, it’s a lucrative business idea for any entrepreneur.

Cotton flower and sheep give cotton and wool respectively. So for cotton crop cultivation you need a suitable land. There may be some basic agriculture methods to be followed, certain tools and apparatus required. Of course you have to invest at the onset but after harvest you can make high business gains from your sales. You can also opt to rear sheep and get wool from them.

An advantageous factor of cotton flower and wool is that you can export them easily. There is not much critical process attached to attain the cotton from flowers and the wool is just shaved off the sheep. Furthermore, unlike fruits and vegetable, cotton and wool can be stored for as longer time span and exported to far-off countries as they do not get damaged. Thus you can plan to earn good capital by national and global export of your cotton and wool.

Rubber Production

Rubber, a stretchy materiel, is in huge demand in the market. This crop plantation can prove to be very rewarding. The innumerable items made from rubber makes it a very suitable farming product as it is sale-able in the worldwide market. For instance- Tires, Bags, etc are made from rubber.

Rubber plants cannot grow in extremely windy and freezing temperature. It needs 5-7 hrs of sunlight per day and adequate rainfall. Porous farming soil which is somewhat acidic having well-drainage is best suited for rubber plantation.

Rubber trees when taken proper care can survive for generations. So, this is a good agriculture business investment indeed.

Cattle Ranch

A very common and popular livestock raising business that includes animals such as cows, calves, ox, donkeys, bulls, etc., are known as a cattle ranch. You can choose to breed a single type of animal or several ones depending on the capital and land you have. It is best to start off with a single type of animal and slowly progress to rearing more types in your farming area. Actually, each type of animal needs to be well taken care of, with the proper food and hygiene maintained in your farming space.

Cattles are reared for multiple purposes, milk, manure, skin, as well as meat. Having a cattle ranch can instantly place you in the international business market if the quality of milk, meat and manure supplied by you if of good quality. With high sales and recognition in the global market you can easily gain huge profits and grow your agriculture business.

Shrimp Business

If you plan to own a land near the coastal region, or rent a riverside area, you can earn cash through shrimp farming. Earlier shrimp was farmed in a smaller quantity, but the rapid growth of consumption worldwide has turned it into a large scale global industry.

Shrimp is high in protein and contains anti-oxidants. A favorite among a large group of people, this is marketed in bulk in several countries. Japan, US, Thailand and China are some countries where shrimp farming is done is large quantity. You can definitely give shrimp farming a shot as success is guaranteed.

Saffron Cultivation

This costly spice is actually very easy to grow in any type of farming area. The reason for saffron being so pricey is the extensive toil that goes into harvesting the crop. Only a few strands of saffron are acquired from a flower.

Saffron is mostly used in cooking, creating beautiful fragrances and in cosmetic products. If you have a fertile agriculture soil suitable for saffron cultivation and reside in a sub-tropical warm region then saffron is the spice you must opt to cultivate in your farming area.

You can market it across the whole world. This expensive spice can churn huge money.

Rosemary Cultivation

Rosemary shrub can be cultivated across the world. It is best suited for region with cool temperatures. It can also handle frost. You can harvest rosemary 2 times per year. It depends on whether you want to harvest it for the leaves or the oil.

Rosemary is most famous for its oils. It has high commercial value for its medicinal and herbal properties.  This is a lucrative business idea and if you reside in a cold region then get a soil test done and you can start off your rosemary cultivation.

Marketing Analysis of agriculture

To make your agriculture business  successful, you need to keep an eye on the market trends as well. If you run a complete analysis of the market, you will get an idea about many things. Understanding the trends and variables will help you in making decisions for your business. The goal of this market research is to understand and get a general idea of the overall market around your farm and how you can adjust to that ecosystem. The marketing plan for agriculture business includes market trends and market segmentation.

5.1 Market Trends

The agriculture industry is a kind of industry that never goes into loss. It continues to evolve with time. Over the past five years, the agricultural industry has grown at an incredible rate. People are now more attracted to buy organic products that are chemical-free and hygienic.

5.2 Marketing Segmentation

In agricultural business ideas and agricultural business proposal, the market segmentation is clearly defined. Besides knowing how to start an agricultural business, you need to make a complete analysis of market segmentation for it.

The most important part of a farm business plan is to have an idea of the expected marketing segmentation. In agriculture start up, you should know about the market segmentation. Here is the market segmentation that will be facing our farm:

Agriculture Bussines Plan - Marketing Segmentation

5.2.1 Foreign Markets

The products that we manufacture will be exported. It will generate the largest part of our revenue.

5.2.2 Domestic Hotels and Restaurants

We will offer our products to restaurants and hotels. Along with fruits and vegetables, we will provide dairy products such as milk and butter to the restaurants in town.

5.2.3 Domestic Food Companies

We will also sell our products to food companies in the domestic markets.

5.3 Business Target

In a community sustained agriculture business plan, the following are our business target

5.4 Product Pricing

The prices of the products that Old Maple Way provide are comparable to other farms. We will try to provide better products and customer care to our clients. We will satisfy our customers by providing exceptional services to make as much profit as possible.

Marketing Strategy

When you are starting an agricultural business, you should also know the marketing strategy. No business can grow and become successful without a marketing strategy. No matter how many excellent services you offer, if you do not have customers, it is all in vain. The more people know about your farm and its products, the more they reach out to you.

Nowadays, the best way of marketing is social media marketing. Social platforms are strong, and they are accessible to everyone. A good thing about social media marketing is its low cost. You can reach out to millions of people with online marketing. All the business ideas in agriculture explain the importance of social media marketing and how you can use them to reach out to people.

Along with that, you need a competitive analysis to make a strategy that will make your agriculture business plan successful. You also need some agro processing business ideas as well as a perfect understanding of what is an agricultural business.

6.1 Competitive Analysis

6.2 Our Strategy

6.3 Sales Monthly

Agriculture Bussines Plan- Sales Monthly

6.4 Sales Yearly

Agriculture Bussines Plan - Sales Yearly

6.5 Sales Forecast

Agriculture Bussines Plan - Unit Sales

Personnel plan

To make your business best agricultural business, you need to make sure that the staff should work as a team. In the agriculture business model, you will find out that the environment of the farm depends on the number and type of staff which should be determined in the initial stages.

7.1 Company Staff

James Celery will be the owner and CEO of the Old Maple Way farm business. The following people will be hired to run the farm:

7.2 Average Salary of Employees

Financial plan.

Proper planning and execution of the finance help you to maintain a stable budget for the upcoming entire year. To execute farming ideas for profit, you need to manage the finances wisely. In agricultural business plans, all the finances are mentioned.

8.1 Important Assumptions

8.2 break-even analysis.

Agriculture Bussines Plan - Break-even Analysis

8.3 Projected Profit and Loss

8.3.1 profit monthly.

Agriculture Bussines Plan - Profit Monthly

8.3.2 Profit Yearly

Agriculture Bussines Plan - Profit Yearly

8.3.3 Gross Margin Monthly

Agriculture Bussines Plan - Gross Margin Monthly

8.3.4 Gross Margin Yearly

Agriculture Bussines Plan - Gross Margin Yearly

8.4 Projected Cash Flow

Agriculture Bussines Plan - Projected Cash Flow

8.5  Projected Balance Sheet

8.6 business ratios.

Download example agriculture farming business plan pdf

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Future agricultures

Ethiopia: commercial farming, investment and policy

Posted on August 31, 2018 by FAC ICE Team - FAC blog

agriculture business plan in ethiopia

Incentivising investment

In contrast to previous government initiatives, Ethiopia’s Growth and Transformation Plan II (GTP II: 2015–2020) clearly promotes the commercialisation of the agricultural sector. In so doing, policymakers have officially recognised the potential for commercial farming to increase agricultural production and create rural employment opportunities. The initiative also aims to promote the development of the sector through close engagement with smallholder farmers, particularly through contract farming and outgrower schemes. Government support for commercial farming in Ethiopia therefore displays three primary objectives: (i) to boost productivity, (ii) to link smallholder farmers with new technologies and markets, and (iii) to create of job opportunities for rural youth.

Various regulatory and investment-oriented policy measures, in the form of both fiscal (tax holidays, tax exemption, etc.) and non-fiscal  (land allocation, one-stop-shop services, etc.) support have been put in place, in order to bolster the government’s capacity to support to medium and large commercial farms. This blog presents the deliberations of a workshop that was held in Addis Ababa on 4 August 2018. The workshop was convened to discuss the status of existing policies promoting commercial farming in particular(including, though not limited to, the GTP II Plan), and agricultural business investment in Ethiopia in general.

The workshop

Participants included agricultural investors, researchers, representatives of agriculture sector associations, policymakers from the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Resources and the Ministry of Industry, and experts from donor-funded agricultural development projects.

Though policies in place are very encouraging – with investment interest expressed by both domestic and foreign investors – the contribution of commercial farms in agricultural production, in linking smallholder farmers to technologies and market, and in creating rural employment, is still limited. This is particularly true for the newly emerging large commercial investors operating in vertically integrated value chains. The majority of investors obtain a license to become commercial farmers, which gives them access to loans; however, these loans are often used for non-agriculture-based ventures – building hotels is a common example. The government has not as yet instituted a mechanism to effectively monitor and regulate the use of loans dispersed for farm investment.

So far, large scale farms and investors have been the primary beneficiaries of the policy-driven investment incentives, both fiscal and non-fiscal. Current attempts on the government’s part to crack down on loan misuse has created large bureaucratic obstacles that have mainly affected medium-scale investors.

The key challenges identified during the workshop’s discussion can be split into two main areas: those related to public support, and those related to the investors themselves.

Public support-related issues:

Investor-related issues


Despite numerous challenges, trends in agricultural investment and commercial farming in Ethiopia shows steady growth. Recent policies also indicate that the role of commercial farming in transforming the agriculture sector is well-recognised by those with the influence to enact change, especially in relation to the promotion of agro-industries.

The upcoming study, entitled Policy approaches to business investment in agricultural commercialisation in Ethiopia , will present the details of the challenges identified, along with potential policy and development intervention options that aim to improve the contribution of commercial farming to the broader commercialisation of agriculture in Ethiopia.

Written by Dawit Alemu and Gezahegn Ayele

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Abebe business plan

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Managing an agricultural business in the 1990s and beyond will be more complex with good planning skills becoming increasingly important. As farming becomes more capital intensive, margins narrow and the adoption of rapidly changing technology becomes the norm, planning techniques which are used in other businesses must be applied to agriculture. One of these planning techniques is preparing the formal business plan. A formal business plan integrates written goals with marketing, production and financial targets into a management strategy for the business along with identifying human resource requirements. Other factors such as increased environmental awareness and the globalization of agriculture emphasize the need for effective planning at the farm level. The purpose of this publication is to provide farmers with business planning information and a format for developing a business plan for his or her farm business. While information and sample business plans are available for...

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Home > Research > Student Research > Senior Projects > BioResource and Agricultural Engineering > 46

BioResource and Agricultural Engineering

BioResource and Agricultural Engineering

Business Plan for a Commercial Teff Farm in Ethiopia

Author(s) Information

Ephrem Teklu Phifer-Houseman , California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo Follow

College - Author 1

College of Agriculture, Food and Environmental Sciences

Department - Author 1

Degree Name - Author 1

BS in Agricultural Systems Management

Primary Advisor

Richard A. Cavaletto


This senior project was undertaken to determine the feasibility of creating a profitable farm in Ethiopia using commercial farming methods in order to raise the standard of living for Ethiopian subsistence farmers and improve food security in Ethiopia. Initially, a farmer’s cooperative was the model proposed for this farm. However, further research into the realities of Ethiopian agribusiness and the difficulties smallholder farmers face in obtaining capital, along with in-depth financial analysis called for a modification of the business model. Consequently, this senior project discusses the design and delineation of a business plan for a privately-held, commercial, teff grain farm in Ethiopia that aims to empower smallholder Ethiopian farmers by providing them with a living wage while enabling them to build equity in a profitable farm corporation.

Research, business model design and financial analysis yielded a business plan for a farm, processing mill and distribution framework that is marginally profitable by the end of Year One and sufficiently profitable to be capable of expansion by Year Five.


Since August 23, 2012

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This is a best prospect industry sector for this country. Includes a market overview and trade data.

This is a best prospect industry sector for Ethiopia. This section includes a market overview and trade data. 

Agriculture is an engine of the Ethiopian economy, employing 80% of the total population, contributing 39% to GDP, and generating 90% of its foreign currency from exports. Ethiopia’s agricultural exports are primarily unprocessed commodities, including coffee, oil seeds, pulses, live plants, and cut flowers. Conversely, agro-industries accounted for only five percent of Ethiopia’s GDP, yet 50% of the total manufacturing production was in food and beverage. Ethiopia possesses a wide range of agroecological zones, arable land, and access to labor, which allow for a wide range of agricultural systems. In Africa, Ethiopia is a major producer of coffee and barley. Additionally, among African countries, Ethiopian production ranks second in sorghum, third in maize, third in wheat, and fourth in coarse grains. Finally, Ethiopia maintains the largest number of livestock in Africa. 

The Government of Ethiopia (GOE) aims to boost exports and trade through $1 billion investment in agro processing industrial parks to make Ethiopia a top manufacturing hub on the continent. Industrial parks broadly are a key focus of Ethiopia’s economic development strategy. Through the Ministry of Trade and Industry (MOTI) and the Industrial Parks Development Corporation (IPDC), 17 agro-industrial growth corridors (AIGC) are planned for development, with coverage in all nine regional states. In its current first phase, four Integrated Agro-Industrial Parks (IAIP) are under construction, out of which three are already operational. The IAIPs when fully completed will provide support services to companies, opportunities for skills development, and attraction for foreign investment. The total estimated cost of the four pilot agro-industrial parks is $181.2 million. The GOE intends for the four IAIPs to result in $1.5 billion in investment, 400 business opportunities, and 400,000 jobs. The four industrial parks are situated in strategic locations throughout Ethiopia and were selected based on the area’s agricultural potential, infrastructure facilities (water, electricity, etc.), and regional market potential. The IAIPs are envisioned to provide a one-stop shop to provide various services to facilitate trade logistics, access to land, customs clearance, and other business services. At present, three IAIPs are already operational and one is under construction  and development, located in Humera (Tigray), Bure (Amhara), Yirgalem (SNNP) and Bulbula (Oromia). Aside from these, there are multiple textile and apparel industrial parks, the most notable being Hawassa Industrial Park where the U.S.-owned apparel manufacturer, Philips Van Huesen (PVH), is producing shirts and other garments for the export market. In 20222, however, PVH sold its plant and left the country ceasing its operation in Ethiopia. Generous government investment incentives, preferential access to the United States large market under the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), low cost of electricity and labor, and abundant natural resources have resulted in increased foreign direct investment into the parks. In 2019/20, the industrial parks generated $610 million in export earnings and created 89,000 job opportunities. Following the war between the government of Ethiopia and Tigrayan forces, the U.S. government suspended Ethiopia’s AGOA privileges. 

Commodities intended for processing include coffee, sorghum, maize, sesame, horticulture, meat and dairy, and cereals, among others. The IAIPs will include companies that export value-added agricultural products as well as those producing products for domestic consumption. Major agriculture processing potential includes cattle fattening and processing, chicken production and processing, livestock feed manufacturing, wheat-based food production (e.g. pasta, biscuits), sesame processing (e.g. tahini), soybean crushing (e.g. soybean oil and feed), sugar production and processing, juice and dairy manufacturing, as well as garments and leather goods. 

In 2019, the Ethiopian Ministry of Finance implemented a policy change authorizing duty free import of agricultural and irrigation equipment. This new directive aims to increase agricultural productivity for both smallholder farmers and commercial farmers, as they will have improved access to new agricultural farming capital goods. 

Key agricultural commodities intended for processing and exports through the IAIPs are the following:  

Coffee – Ethiopia exported 271,111 metric tons of coffee in 2020/21 generating $855.6 million in revenue. During the first ten months of the current 2021/22 fiscal year, Ethiopia exported 232,000 MT of coffee and earned a record-breaking revenue of US $1.2 billion from coffee exports. Ethiopia targets to export up to 300,000 MT of coffee by the end of the fiscal year. 

Maize – Ethiopia produced 9.4 million MT of maize in 2021/22, both for food and feed source for processing. 

Poultry – Poultry production (chicken meat) by the end of 2020 was estimated at 68,000 MT, and the retail price of imported chicken meat ranges between $9-10 per kilogram. 

Dairy – In the last 15 years, the volume of milk production has tripled. Ethiopia faces shortages of feed, land, and pasture for its cattle herds. In May 2019, the Ministry of Finance released a new proclamation that allows duty free import of feed production machinery. This new directive will boost both production of feed as well as dairy and poultry production. In June 2022, the GOE removed import duties and value added tax levied on animal feed products. The exemption would help lower the cost of animal feed by a third and the prices of dairy products by an average of 17%. 

Potato – Potato production has increased substantially in recent years, with estimates at nearly 1.14 million MT produced last year. Demand for processed potatoes should continue in the foreseeable future. 

Avocado – Avocados are becoming increasingly popular in Ethiopia, both among producers and consumers. Over the last five years, the GOE has given increased emphasis on avocado production due to the rapidly growing international market and presence of suitable weather for growing avocados. Recently, Ethiopia has begun exporting fresh Hass variety avocados to the European market. 

Sugar: Ethiopia has 13 sugar manufacturing factories with all plants owned by the state. As a part of PM Abiy Ahmed’s economic reform program, transfer of the sugar factories to private ownership is underway. At present, the 13 state owned sugar factories are undergoing technical, price, social and environmental impact assessment studies. The initial plan is to privatize six out of the 13 sugar plants to local or international private investors.  

Some of the challenges in the current agro-processing sector include insufficient local product, in part due to complexities in smallholder farm structures, post-harvest storage, as well as inconsistent commodity quality. Furthermore, a critical constraint to agro-industrial development is the lack of infrastructure to support sufficient raw commodities flow to processors. Establishing effective supply chains, including cold chain, can increase agro processor access to local producers. With the establishment of the agro-industrial parks, the integration of smallholder farmers and processors into the industries as part of the commercial value chain could improve the local economy. 

Leading Sub-Sectors 

Machineries for coffee roasting and processing. 

Machineries for dairy milk processing, chicken processing cattle fattening and abattoirs. 

Machineries for animal and chicken feed production. 

Machineries for juice extraction and processing. 

Machineries for tomato and potato processing. 

Technology and machineries for flour processing, bakery, pasta and macaroni manufacturing. 

Machineries for edible oil extraction, filtration and processing. 

Provision of cold chain, post-harvest technology, mobile preservative technology and storage facilities. 

Sugar processing technology and various machineries. 


There are multiple business opportunities for U.S. companies to benefit from Ethiopia’s emerging integrated agro industrial parks. Opportunities exist throughout the value chain of the IAIP. U.S. construction and architectural companies can participate in the design, development construction and supervision of the IAIPs. Business opportunities are also available for U.S. companies to design, supply, install and commission the agro processing facilities at the IAIPs. U.S. technology suppliers can also sell machinery and technological equipment to the agro processing plants. U.S. companies can provide technology to IAIP value chain such as post-harvest storage facilities, cold chain facilities, mobile preservative storage facilities that transfer perishable commodities and food items from small holder farmers to IAIPs and from IAIPs to ports for export market. U.S. companies can also invest in the Ethiopian agro processing sector either in private or in partnership with local investors. 

U.S. Foreign Commercial Service,  

[email protected] 

Ministry of Trade and Regional Integration  

Ethiopian Investment Commission  

Content Search

Request for proposals may 2023 -terms of reference for videography and photography services – react hs, ethiopia.

  • Africa Enterprise Challenge Fund



1.0 About AECF

AECF (Africa Enterprise Challenge Fund) is a leading non-profit development organisation that supports innovative enterprises in the agribusiness and renewable energy sectors with the aim of reducing rural poverty, promoting resilient communities, and creating jobs.

We catalyze the private sector by surfacing and commercializing new ideas, business models, and technologies designed to increase agricultural productivity, improve farmer incomes, expand clean energy access, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve resilience to the effects of climate change. We finance high-risk businesses that struggle to access commercial funding; we are committed to working in frontier markets, fragile contexts, and high-risk economies where few mainstream financing institutions dare to go.

To date, we have supported over 400 businesses in 26 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, impacted more than 30 million lives, and created over 27,000 direct jobs.

AECF is headquartered in Kenya with offices in Cote d’ Ivoire and Tanzania.

2.0 About the REACT Household Solar Programme

The Renewable Energy and Adaptation to Climate Technologies – Household Solar (REACT HS) is a programme funded by the Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO) and implemented by the AECF. The REACT HS Programme seeks to address the challenges of availability, acceptability, affordability and accessibility of energy for low-income households through supporting private sector delivery of solar home system products and services in Malawi, Ethiopia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Nigeria, Senegal and Sierra Leone.

The programme seeks to increase access to clean, affordable energy for low-income people in Africa by promoting a market-based approach for private sector delivery of solar home system products and services in the target countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Solar home systems are stand-alone photovoltaic systems that offer a cost-effective mode of supplying clean, renewable energy for lighting, appliances, and cooking, to remote off-grid households for better wellbeing and livelihood opportunities for rural poor people.

3.0 Purpose and Objectives of the Assignment

The purpose of the assignment is to showcase the impact of the work from the investee funded under the programme. The investee is Winsol - Ethiopia.

5.0 Scope of Work

For this assignment, you will be required to:

  • Develop interview questions that will be used to conduct interviews with the AECF investee company’s staff and management as well as the company’s beneficiaries.
  • Conduct video interviews of the AECF investee staff and management that highlight prior growth challenges faced by the investees before AECF funding, growth steps taken and achieved, and position they are in today.
  • Conduct video interviews of the investee’s beneficiaries that highlight how the company has been able to transform the lives of local communities, smallholder farmers as well as women and youth.
  • Capture b-roll or cutaways or supplementary footage of the business, its activities and work with beneficiaries. These cutaways should be action footage of the company’s operations, its staff interacting with customers, and beneficiaries going about their normal lives.
  • Capture photographs that show the work of the investee, their operations and their impact in local communities.
  • Capture photographs of beneficiaries ensuring that these are action shots with people going about their day-to-day activities.
  • Ensure all photo and video subjects sign consent forms for the videos and images taken.

6.0 Deliverables

The consultant will be required to deliver the following:

  • Interview questions for at least two (2) investee officials and two (2) beneficiaries.
  • Conduct at least two (2) video interviews of the investee’s company’s officials. The interviews should be no less than five (5) minutes each.
  • Conduct at least two (2) video interviews of each investee’s company’s beneficiaries. The interviews should be no less than five (5) minutes each.
  • Capture b-roll or supplementary footage of the business, its activities and work with beneficiaries. This footage should be well-framed and should be action footage.
  • Capture at least thirty (30) edited photographs of each investee, with at least ten (10) being those of beneficiaries.
  • Provide an edited video that adequately tells the investees story of change and growth. The video should be a maximum of 5 (5) minutes long and should include intro, outro and lower third graphics.

7.0 Guidelines for submission of products:

Footage to be captured – a guide.

  • Record interviews of beneficiaries in different formats including long shot, medium shot and up-close. These interviews can be in English or vernacular language (provided they can be accurately translated).
  • Record interviews of AECF investees providing insight into the support provided and how it transformed their companies.
  • Capture footage that shows the investee companies core activities, including warehouse, factory, sales and marketing, interaction with customers etc.
  • Capture footage of the wider community, showing how people live, where possible capture footage of the environment, infrastructure such as roads and the general terrain.
  • Where possible, capture footage of investees (it is on-the-ground officials and support staff) going about their work.

Photos to be captured – a guide.

  • Quality: AECF uses images for a variety of purposes, requiring that digital images be of sufficient quality – resolution – to ensure quality print, as well as web reproduction.
  • High Resolution Images: Digital originals, images should be shot at the highest possible resolution that the camera permits. The minimum accepted resolution is 2000 x 3000 pixels or 6 megapixels with zero compression shot as a RAW file, or as a JPEG file format at compression rate no greater than ‘medium’ (never more than 30% of what is possible). Maximum compression causes too much quality loss when the image is re-opened by the recipient.
  • Approval: Submit all digital images for AECF’s selection before final edits are undertaken.
  • Sequencing: Maintain images in the sequence in which they were shot, so the shoot logic can be easily traced
  • Captioning: The photographs will be properly labelled/captioned (including topic, date and location and the name/identity of person in the case of portraits) for easy identification.
  • Copyright: Copyright solely belongs to AECF. All images (whether used for online or print purposes) will bear the consultant’s photo credit. The consultant may not use, reproduce, or otherwise disseminate photos without prior consent from AECF.

Areas to be considered.

  • General Demeanour: The Consultant is expected to always maintain demeanour and behaviour consistent with highest ethical standards and as a representative of AECF.
  • High Resolution Footage: The footage should be recorded at the highest possible resolution that the camera permits. The minimum accepted resolution is 1080p.
  • B-Roll: All recorded and unedited footage needs to be handed over to AECF at the end of the assignment.
  • Captioning: The footage will be properly labelled/captioned (including topic, date and location and the name/identity of person in case of interviews) for easy identification.
  • Copyright: Copyright solely belongs to AECF. The consultant may not use, reproduce, or otherwise disseminate footage or photos without prior consent from AECF.
  • Deadlines: All video footage together with the photos should be submitted to AECF no later than 5 days after the field visit.
  • Equipment: Consultant will be expected to use own Cameras and accessories, computer, and communication technologies (internet access/email etc.).
  • Travel: Consultant will be expected to arrange for their own transport, accommodation, and meals to all video sites. These costs can be factored into the Consultant’s overall costs.

8.0 Qualifications and experience

  • Professional experience with coverage of development projects, preferably in agribusiness, renewable energy, and climate change;
  • Proven professional experience of at least five (5) years in the provision of photography and videography services for international organisations or media in the development context for mixed audiences;
  • Ability to film and edit broadcast quality video and audio: HD 1920x1080 or better;
  • Ability to capture and edit high quality imagery;
  • Have knowledge of different video formats and video file conversions;
  • Have knowledge of converting video files from multiple formats;
  • Have online video publishing and file transfer skills;

9.0 Duration

This is a one-week contract from the date of signing.

10.0 Reporting

The Consultant will report to the Communications Manager.

11.0 Proposal submission

Qualified consulting firms and /or individual consultants are invited to submit a proposal including the following requirements:

Documents to be submitted.

  • Company registration.
  • Company profile and experience of the team.
  • Methodology to undertake the assignment.
  • Previous experience in similar assignments on communications content development.
  • Sample works relevant to the assignment.
  • A detailed financial budget (in USD) and work plan.
  • Reference letters.
  • Full CV with a list of previous similar work demonstrating experience in similar assignments on communications outputs.
  • Identification documents.

The technical and financial proposals will need to be submitted as separate documents

12.0 Pricing

The service provider’s payment shall be based on the financial proposal developed for this consultancy. Payment shall be made in one installment of 100% upon submission and acceptance of all outputs.

The AECF is obliged to withhold taxes on service contract fees as well as ensure 16% VAT, is charged where applicable. Applicants are advised to ensure that they have a clear understanding of their tax position with regards to provisions of relevant in-country tax legislation when developing their proposals.

13.0 Evaluation Criteria

An evaluation committee will be formed by the AECF and shall include employees. All members will be bound by the same standards of confidentiality. The consultant should ensure that they fully respond to all criteria to be comprehensively evaluated. The AECF may request and receive clarification from any consultant when evaluating a proposal.

The evaluation committee may invite some or all the consultants to appear before the committee to clarify their proposals. In such an event, the evaluation committee may consider clarifications in evaluating proposals. In deciding the final selection of a qualified bidder, the technical quality of the proposal will be given a weighting of 70% based on the evaluation criteria. Only the financial proposal of those bidders who qualify technically will be opened. The financial proposal will be allocated a weighting of 30% and the proposals will be ranked in terms of total points scored.

The mandatory and desirable criteria against which proposals will be evaluated are identified in the table below.


Weighted Award

  • An understanding of the terms of reference

Demonstrate understanding of the assignment and expected outcomes.

Methodology and delivery approach of undertaking the assignment in the provided timelines.

  • Methodology and work-plan that will deliver the best value on the assignment

Demonstrate relevant experience to undertake the given assignment with a minimum of five years.

Demonstrate relevant services provided in the last three years with sample of work.

Provision of registration documentation and other relevant statutory document.

Geographical Reach: Demonstrate relevant geographical experience, knowledge and reach to effectively carry out the assignment.

  • Qualification and Experience

Qualifications and competence of the key staff related to the study Bidders must provide descriptions and Documentation of staff/teams’ technical expertise, experience, and assignment to the task.

  • FINANCIAL PROPOSAL: Clarity, relevance, reality to market value/ value for money of cost for the assignment (inclusive of any applicable tax, reimbursables and travel).

Total Score

14.0 Application

The AECF is an Equal Opportunity Employer. The AECF considers all interested candidates based on merit without regard to race, gender, colour, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, age, marital status, veteran status, disability, or any other characteristic protected by applicable law.

  • AECF invites qualified consultants/firms to send a proposal to [email protected] clearly marked “ CONSULTANCY – VIDEOGRAPHY AND PHOTOGRAPHY SERVICES, ETHIOPIA (REACT HS) ” The AECF shall not be liable for not opening proposals that are submitted with a different subject.
  • The proposal should be received no later than 1st , June 2023, by 5.00 pm East Africa Time (GMT +3) addressed to The AECF, Procurement Department. All clarifications and or questions should be sent to [email protected] . Kindly ** note bids received will be evaluated on a rolling basis due to the urgency.
  • Applicants should be based in Ethiopia.

15.0 Disclaimer

The AECF reserves the right to determine the structure of the process, the number of short-listed participants, the right to withdraw from the proposal process, the right to change this timetable at any time without notice and reserves the right to withdraw this tender at any time, without prior notice and without liability to compensate and/or reimburse any party.

How to apply

For more information, please visit our website as per the link below.

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